Adult Rheumatologic Disease
Dr. Yogesh Singh Practices Adult Rheumatologic Disease. Rheumatic diseases affect your joints tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Among them are many types of arthritis, a term used for conditions that affect your joints.
Sometimes they’re called musculoskeletal diseases. Common symptoms include:
- Joint pain
- Loss of motion in a joint or joints
- Inflammation — swelling, redness, and warmth in a joint or affected area
Experts believe rheumatic diseases are caused by a combination of genes and environmental factors. In general, having certain gene variants can increase a person’s susceptibility to rheumatic diseases, and factors in the environment may trigger the onset of the disease.
The doctor will ask about your medical history and symptoms. You’ll also get a physical exam. You may also need to get blood tests or let your doctor take a sample of fluid from an affected joint.
Usually, by the time someone with OA seeks treatment, there are changes visible on an X-ray of the joint.
Besides medication, various other types of treatments may be prescribed for rheumatic disease, including:
- Specific exercise regimes to increase muscle strength and joint flexibility
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Hot and cold therapy
- Splints, braces, and assistive devices to support weak joints
- Relaxation therapy
- Surgery (particular for arthritis)