FAQs About Rheumatology

A Rheumatologist is a specialist physician who has expertise in diagnosing and treating diseases of the joints, muscles and bones.

  • Basic medical training – MBBS  (6 yrs)
  • Post Graduation in general medicine- MD (3 yrs)
  • Specialization in Rheumatology / clinical immunology -DM/DNB (3 yrs)

Big list includes

  • Different types of arthritis including

> 150 types of arthritis

    • Osteoporosis
    • Fibromyalgia
    • Complex diseases
      • Systemic lupus erythematosus
      • Myositis
      • Scleroderma
      • Vasculitis
      • etc, etc

Joint diseases which can be treated with medicines, are treated by a Rheumatologist. Orthopedic surgeons specialize in surgical treatment of joints and management of fractures.

Most Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune in nature. An autoimmune disease develops when your immune system, which normally defends your body against diseases by mistake attacks the healthy tissues and organs of your body resulting in various symptoms and diseases.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a common inflammatory disease that affects the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis causes severe pain and swelling in your joints, as a result, it becomes difficult to bend and use them.

Rheumatoid arthritis can affect all age groups including children. It affects people in 30’s 40’s with higher frequency over 50 years of age. The disease is 3 times more common n females than males.

Symptoms include
1. Swelling, redness, warmth in joints
2. Stiffness in the joints worse in morning getting better with movement
3. Some people can experience tiredness, weight loss, fever.

Not exactly, depends on the genes passed on to your children, if both parents have it then children have it.

Rheumatism is a term used to describe inflammation of joints, ligaments, fascia covering ligaments, tendons, where as arthritis indicates only joint inflammation. But these two terms are often interchangeable.